The Provisional Government – A level History
Moldovan experts explain the inconsistency of the situation in their country and give various forecasts for the settlement of the situation
Political confrontation continues in Moldova. Five countries of the European Union: Great Britain, Germany, Poland, France and Sweden issued a joint statement, which says: “We view and support the Parliament of Moldova as a representative of the Moldovan people and as the best place to discuss all political issues, including controversial ones.”.
At the same time, the joint statement notes: “All parties are responsible for resolving the constitutional crisis by peaceful means”.
Earlier, Washington made a similar appeal..
The current political crisis in Moldova arose as a consequence of the parliamentary elections in February this year, when none of the parties that overcame the electoral barrier were able to form a government.
“Some kind of dualism is outlined: either power, or anarchy”
The peculiarity of the current crisis is that two of the three main political forces – the Socialist Party, which adheres to the policy of rapprochement with Moscow, and the right-wing pro-Western bloc ACUM have signed a temporary agreement to fight the oligarchy. And the main target of this struggle was the entrepreneur Vladimir Plahotniuc, who heads the Democratic Party of Moldova, at least nominally located in the same political spectrum as ACUM..
Currently, socialist Zinaida Greceanii, elected speaker of parliament, and Maya Sandu, leader of the Action and Solidarity party, a member of the ACUM bloc, have real political powers in the country. She is entrusted to head the government of Moldova.
And the Constitutional Court of Moldova temporarily dismissed President Igor Dodon from office and appointed Prime Minister Pavel Filip as acting head of state. The reason for this was Dodon’s refusal to sign a decree on the dissolution of parliament and on holding early elections. In turn, Philip signed such a decree and scheduled early elections for September 6 this year..
Member of the Parliament of Moldova from the ACUM bloc Oazu Nantoi in a commentary for the Russian service of the Voice of America, he said: “Now a kind of dualism is emerging in the country: either power or anarchy. And there is a question about the procedure for the peaceful transfer of power to the legitimate parliament and government.
The European Union made a statement on the recognition of the government of Maia Sandu, and it became psychologically easier for us, although we already understand the situation from the inside. Moreover, the Russian Foreign Ministry expressed its readiness to work with the democratically elected parliament and the government of Moldova on the basis of the agreement of 2001.
Now there are timid hints that mayors (senior officials – A.P.) of various settlements are subordinate to the government of Maia Sandu, ”said the Moldovan parliamentarian.
“Parliament left the legal field”
Director of the Institute for Effective Policy Vitaly Andrievsky generally takes the opposite point of view. First of all, he believes that a dual power has been established in the country: “We have a parliament, which is the Constitutional Court and Pavel Filip in the role of acting president. the president was declared illegal and dismissed, but part of the parliament is going to sit. There is a government that the Constitutional Court has declared illegal “.
The political scientist further explained where the legal procedure was violated: “According to the Constitution of Moldova, the government must be elected after the parliamentary elections within three months. The law states that a month is 30 days. This term ended last Friday. Parliament met on Saturday and elected a speaker, prime minister and government. That is, he left the legal field, and the Constitutional Court declared it illegal “.
And all the decisions of the government of Maya Sandu, according to Andreevsky, remain on paper.
As for the international recognition of this government, here, according to the director of the Chisinau Institute for Effective Politics, not everything is so simple. In the EU statement, “there was no direct recognition. It said that the EU continues to work with the legitimate government of Moldova, without naming which government it considers legitimate. Because there is the government of Paul Philip and the government of Maya Sandu. And everyone reads (the statement of the European Union – A.P.) in their own way, ”notes Vitaly Andrievsky.
“Everything must end with a normal transfer of power”
Former chairman of the Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova, ex-minister of defense, and now director of the European Institute for Political Research Viorel Cibotaru recalls that Igor Dodon and Maia Sandu were rivals in the presidential elections in the fall of 2016, when Dodon won with a 4% margin. “Undoubtedly, this is a paradox, that they, it would seem, irreconcilable opponents and opponents, today are in one bundle. But sometimes history presents us with such very pleasant surprises, “Viorel Cibotaru said in a conversation with a correspondent for the Russian service of the Voice of America. And he added that the reason for this union was their mutual rejection of Vladimir Plahotniuc, who is the richest man in Moldova, and, in the opinion of his political opponents, who usurped power in the republic..
“As a result, a new government was established in the Republic of Moldova, it concluded a temporary and very narrowly targeted agreement, which has one goal: to dismantle the parallel state that Plahotniuc built, to clear the government of figures especially close to him, and to prepare society for new early elections. , which will be carried out according to absolutely clear rules. First of all, this is a return to the proportional system, ”explains the Moldovan expert..
Chibotaru also said that supporters of the Democratic Party held numerous rallies to protest the new government officials, and some Western politicians are suspicious and wary of the tactical alliance of pro-Russian socialists and the pro-Western bloc ACUM. But the parties to the agreement decided in the coming months not to resume debates on joining NATO, or, conversely, on non-aligned status, on the federalization of the country and on relations with Transnistria, but to focus exclusively on preparations for new elections..
“Therefore, I think that the processes taking place in the Republic of Moldova are a triumph of democracy and everything should end with a normal transfer of power,” said the director of the European Institute for Political Research.
And he summed up: “The current Constitutional Court of the Republic of Moldova cannot bear such a holy name, cannot be the guarantor of the explanation and implementation of laws in the country in the spirit and in the letter of the Constitution, cannot serve as a reason for obstructing the current government and organizing sabotage. It must be disbanded “.