Russia: Putin urges Kiev to implement the Minsk agreement
On the anniversary of the signing of the Minsk agreements, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy and ambassadors of the G7 countries visited Donbass
KIEV – The Minsk agreements need to be taken apart into details and implemented within a specific time frame. President Volodymyr Zelenskyy said this on February 11 at a press conference during a working trip to Donetsk region.
“The Minsk agreements need to be disassembled into details, all the steps must be written down, linked to dates and implemented. We are in favor of this format, and this is exactly what we did. An appropriate document has been prepared, and the Normandy Four advisers have been working on it, ”- said Vladimir Zelensky.
The President of Ukraine noted that “the latest version of this document, the cluster of these steps has been sent to all parties.”.
“We expect that the parties will soon accept this document and then there will be an opportunity to bring the meeting of the Normandy Four closer,” Zelensky added..
He also said that the number of shelling in Donbas has slightly increased in recent years, which is associated, in particular, with attempts to put pressure on the Ukrainian side in the negotiations of the Trilateral Contact Group..
The President recalled the statistics of losses over the past three years: in 2018, 121 servicemen were killed and 799 were wounded in Donbas, in 2019, one hundred soldiers were killed and 507 were wounded, in 2020 – fifty and 338 were wounded..
“No matter how skeptical anyone may be about the word“ truce, ”a ceasefire is needed and is an achievement. This saved the real lives of our military and civilians, “Volodymyr Zelenskyy said, according to the press service of the President of Ukraine..
During a working trip to Donbass, Volodymyr Zelenskyy visited the front line in the Joint Forces Operation zone – a few hundred meters from the contact line and talked to the servicemen.
Together with the President of Ukraine, ambassadors of foreign states went to Donbass: France, Germany, USA, Canada, Great Britain and Sweden, according to the website of the head of the republic.
Recall that a meeting of the leaders of Ukraine, Russia, France and Germany was held in Minsk from 11 to 12 February 2015, at which the parties agreed on a set of measures to resolve the situation in Donbass. The set of measures contains a number of requirements of a political, technical, and defense nature, necessary for the cessation of hostilities in the Donbass and the return of Ukrainian sovereignty in the temporarily occupied territories..
Minsk agreements six years later
As reported by TASS, Russia’s Permanent Representative to the UN Vasily Nebenzya, speaking at a meeting of the Security Council, said that Germany and France became, rather, accomplices in the crimes committed by Kiev in Donbass, rather than mediators in the settlement of the conflict..
RBC-Ukraine quotes the speech at the UN Security Council meeting of the representative of the American mission, Rodney Hunter, that the United States will never recognize the attempt to annex Crimea by Russia. Therefore, sanctions for the occupation of the Crimean Peninsula and aggression in the Donbas will remain until Russia changes its course..
“The United States will never recognize Russia’s attempted annexation of Crimea. Therefore, sanctions for the occupation of Crimea and aggression in Donbass will remain in place until the Russian Federation changes its course. We support the Minsk Agreements as a way forward for a settlement, ”said Rodney Hunter.
On the efficiency of Minsk-2
According to the Deputy Director of the Ukrainian Institute for the Study of Extremism Bogdana Petrenko, if the situation is measured exclusively by the latest events, it may seem that there is no progress in resolving the conflict.
“The hostilities have not ended, the territories have not been returned, there is no clear strategy for ending the war in Donbass. That is, conservation occurs. At the same time, compared to 2015, we have made some progress. The war moved to a low intensity level, so as not to talk about the last ceasefire regime – it was effective, “- says Bogdan Petrenko to the correspondent of the Russian service” Voice of America “.
He notes that there is a lot of talk in society that “Minsk-2 did not justify itself”.
“But what will the change in the format of negotiations give if there is no readiness of Europe, the collective West and, most importantly, Ukraine itself to perceive the Russian Federation as an aggressor unambiguously and put pressure on it? And when there is an attempt to divide Moscow into an aggressor and Moscow into an economic partner, this often does not allow effective application of any sanctions. Neither Western nor Ukrainian “, – emphasizes Bohdan Petrenko.
No war, no peace
Political scientist of the Ukrainian club Vitaly Litvinenko notes that by the sixth anniversary of the signing of the Minsk agreements, the situation in Donbass looks like “no peace, no war”.
“But Minsk-2 played its role, because it did not move the war into a major phase, leaving it at the local level. This is his plus, Ukraine has avoided a big war, “- says Vitaly Litvinenko to the correspondent of the Russian service” Voice of America “.
The “disadvantages” that appeared in the situation with the settlement in Donbass, according to him, became obvious over time, years after the Russian aggression..
“There was a great illusion that Minsk-2 could lead to peace. Europe reached an agreement with Russia at the expense of Ukraine – the points that are spelled out in the Minsk Agreements severely limit sovereignty and contradict the Constitution, ”says Vitaly Litvinenko.
He believes that Ukraine cannot fulfill the political part of the Minsk agreements, but the Ukrainian authorities are trying to get out of this situation..
“We see that President Zelensky is showing strength – a recent story with Medvedchuk’s channels. He understands that the situation in Donbass is in the active phase of the conflict settlement – and he counteracts Russian aggression in this way, ”emphasizes Vitaly Litvinenko.
In response, Russia, according to the political scientist, is bringing the conflict on the line of demarcation to a new technological level with the participation of sniper groups..