Russia Simplifies Getting Citizenship for Ukrainians
Simplified registration of a residence permit in Ukraine applies to Belarusian entrepreneurs, highly qualified and IT specialists and their family members
KIEV – Ukraine continues to do everything possible to support the Belarusian people. This was stated by the Minister of Foreign Affairs Dmitry Kuleba during an online briefing, reported on December 24 on the Facebook page of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine.
“The government has made another decision, which further simplifies the procedure for moving and employment for citizens of Belarus,” said Dmitry Kuleba.
He noted that Ukraine is studying EU sanctions against Belarus.
“At this stage, it is inappropriate for Ukraine to introduce or join economic sanctions. In contrast to the sanctions against Belarusian officials who are involved in repressions against the Belarusian people. These people should be held accountable, “the Ukrainian minister said..
He recalled that Ukraine, together with Lithuania and Poland, immediately expressed its readiness to provide Belarus with the format of the Lublin Triangle as a platform for mediation, but the Belarusian authorities are demonstrating that they do not need these services now, the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry’s Facebook page says..
Ukraine simplifies entry for Belarusians
According to the Government portal of executive authorities, on December 23, the Cabinet of Ministers adopted a resolution that simplifies the procedure for obtaining a residence permit for citizens of the Republic of Belarus – entrepreneurs, highly qualified specialists, including in the field of information technology and innovation, and their families.
The message draws attention to the fact that “this procedure will be valid until December 31, 2021”.
On October 2, 2020, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy signed a decree that “promotes the development of investment potential” of the country and provides an opportunity for “simplified registration of temporary residence” for Belarusian citizens – entrepreneurs, as well as highly qualified specialists in the field of information technology and innovation.
The decree “On some measures to attract entrepreneurs, highly qualified specialists who are citizens of the Republic of Belarus” comes into force from the day of its official publication. It is noted that “the government will ensure the operation of a single information portal and hotline telephones to provide consultations to citizens of Belarus who immigrate to Ukraine.”.
Protests in Belarus continue
It emphasizes that the procedure for “obtaining permits for the use of labor of foreigners and stateless persons for the employment of citizens of the Republic of Belarus”.
It should be reminded that popular protests against the power of Alyaksandr Lukashenka do not stop in Belarus. Belarusians demand the departure of Alexander Lukashenko, the possibility of holding presidential re-elections from August 9, from the day of voting at the presidential elections.
According to the Belarusian opposition press, citizens are holding protests, resorting to strikes, which are suppressed by the security forces supporting Lukashenka.
“The revolution in Belarus continues. The protests have not subsided. Yes, we can say that at the moment they have become somewhat less massive, but, nevertheless, protests in the Belarusian society have become a way of life. The most important thing that happened was that the people terminated the so-called social contract with the government, ”Natalya Radina, editor-in-chief of Charter97.org, said in the article“ Scenario of the victory of the Belarusian revolution – protests plus economic sanctions ”.
She noted that it is necessary to continue the non-violent protests that are taking place in Belarus.
“I am convinced that they will become more widespread next year, in winter, in spring, because the economic situation in Belarus is very difficult,” Natalia Radzina emphasized..
According to Charter97.org, by December 24, there were 167 names in the list of Belarusian political prisoners.
The delicate balance of relationships
Political scientist Alexey Yakubin believes that at the political level between Ukraine and Belarus there is a process of “freezing of contacts”.
“A delicate balance has been preserved in the Belarusian direction – at any moment it can be destroyed by extra statements of key politicians. So far, we see an attempt by Ukraine to soften the rhetoric in the Belarusian direction, at best to repeat the rhetoric of European politicians. Despite the fact that both in the office of President Zelensky and in the Foreign Ministry they understand that completely copying the EU policy towards Belarus is contrary to the economic interests of Ukraine, ”Aleksey Yakubin tells the correspondent of the Russian service of the Voice of America.
According to him, Kiev “partly” would like to take advantage of the current situation in Belarus when it comes to attracting highly qualified specialists..
“How at one time Belarus took advantage of the situation of deteriorating relations between Russia and Ukraine, when Belarus became a logistics hub between the countries. Today, Kiev is partly trying to repeat the actions of Minsk, trying to maintain economic ties in many sectors of the economy, including with the current project for Ukraine in the field of road construction, ”emphasizes Oleksiy Yakubin.
He recalls that after 2014, part of Russian exports to Ukraine goes under the guise of Belarusian products..
“Therefore, the statements of Kiev are more related to the political part. You can take advantage of the situation – the outflow of highly qualified IT specialists from Belarus, because these companies will consider the possibility of transferring their offices from Minsk, ”Aleksey Yakubin believes..
A pragmatic solution
International political scientist Victoria Zakrevskaya calls positive the decision of the Ukrainian government, which simplifies the process of legalization of citizens of Belarus.
“The decision for those who decided to leave Belarus and resolve the issue of political refugees who appeared after the end of the presidential campaign on August 9, 2020, is at the same time a pragmatic solution, since it allows Ukraine to compete for skilled labor: now it will be easier for Belarusians to emigrate to Ukraine than before, “Viktoria Zakrevskaya says to the correspondent of the Russian service of the Voice of America..
She notes that simplification of legalization for citizens of the border state expands the choice for Belarusians – to move not only to the European Union or Russia..
“This is especially evident against the background of the existing migration rules for Belarusians in Russia, where they enjoy the same civil rights as Russian citizens. And European-minded migrants will be more willing to move to Ukraine, ”Viktoria Zakrevska said..
The possibility of introducing economic sanctions, she said, is being considered by the Ukrainian authorities from a pragmatic point of view..
“The Ukrainian government condemns the violence in Belarus, but has to reckon with the common border with Belarus, and be pragmatic in matters of human ties and trade,” concludes Victoria Zakrevskaya.